Tuesday, 18 February 2014

Fresh water fishes of Kerala

The water figures in Kerala are home to a boundless mixture of fish species. What's more, paddy fields serve nourishment necessity of this little state is likewise home to diverse fish species. New water fishes are typically found in more than one natural surroundings that is paddy fields, lakes, lakes, streams, Backwaters of Kerala. The backwaters that is saline for most a piece of the year turns the new throughout storm.
The Studies have uncovered that there are 210 types of freshwater fishes in Kerala and more than 26 are endemic. The vast majority of these are fancy mixtures utilized within aquariums with high potential in household and worldwide markets. The vast majority of freshwater fishes are decently adjusts to make due in contrasting atmospheres and situations. Also Many different fishes have got extra respiratory organs to empower breathing air while creeping through the land, that empower them to move starting with one then onto the next propensity ground dwelling insect.
There is a verity of Fishes Commonly seen in these Water figures and are recorded as:

Karimeen (Pearl Spot)

An extremely wonderful fish found in both freshwater's and salty Regions of Kerala. Its experimental name is Etroplus suratensis. It is principally found in backwaters, lakes and paddy fields. Its Body is secured over with scales of dark shade, henceforth the name Karimeen(meaning dark fish in the neighborhood dialect) is got. Its figure is oval fit as a fiddle and is horizontally packed. There are eight transverse groups on its physique and a couple of unpredictable dark spots could be seen on the midriff. It has a quite little mouth. It is additionally famous as an aquarium fish.

Chempally(Climbing Perch)

Anabas is an alternate divine fish yet with a hard skin. Its exploratory name is Anabas testudineus and different names of Climbing Perch are Karuveppu, Antikalli, Kallada. It is Also an aquarium fish. They can live without water for around the range of 6 to 7 hrs. It has the propensity of relocating from lake to an alternate lake. This fish creeps through the area to achieve the following objective throughout which time it breaths air through extra respiratory organs on each one side of its head. Keeping in mind in water, breathing happens through its gills. It is called an omnivorous fish.

Varaal (Banded Snakehead(Opheocephalus))

Its logical name is China striates. This fish is striking for its parental minding. It is a predatory fish. Its figure is long and tube shaped with an enormous mouth and serpent like its head. They have got an extra respiratory organ that is 2 air chambers that is to empower breathing air while slithering through area. This fish is frequently found in lakes, paddy fields and additionally in streams. The relocation of these fishes even cruise through backwaters to achieve the following end. This fish is both eatable and additionally favored aquarium animal groups.
Tilopia (Tilapia)

Tilapia is an outlandish fish and its experimental name is Oerochromis mossabicus. it carried to Kerala from Africa. It is found in the water figures like lakes, streams and backwaters. It can reproduce quite quick in an exceptionally obliged water figure like a lake. Its Body is horizontally layered like Etroplus(karimeen), however relatively more lengthened.  It is an omnivorous fish.
Other common fishes are:

Kaari(Stinging Catfish)

Scientific Name: Heteropneustes fossils

Muzhi(Walking Catfish)
Scientific Name: Claris batrachus
Manjakkoori(Yellow Catfish)
Scientific Name: Horabagrus brachycome

Vellakkoori(Longwhiskered Catfish)
Scientific Name: Mystus gulio
Attu walah or Valah (Boal)
Scientific Name: Walla go Attu

Paral(Giant Danio)
Scientific Name: Danio malabaricus

Kuruva(Peninsular Olive Barb)
Scientific Name: Puntius sarana
Poochutti(Tiger Panchax)
Scientific Name: Aplocheilus lineatus

Pallathi(Orange chromide)
Scientific Name: Etroplus maculatus
Scientific Name: Mugil cephalus

Kallaral(Tire track eel)
Scientific Name: Mastacembelus armatus

Poolon(Tank goby)
Scientific Name: Glossogobius giuris

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